Pt. 3rd. Luknow. Nov. 1814.
Artist: Smith, Robert (1787-1873)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil drawing of Lucknow by Robert Smith (1787-1873) dated November 1814. This is one of 27 drawings (29 folios) of views made during a march from Benares (Varanasi) to Bareilly in Uttar Pradesh, probably en route for Almora in 1814. Inscribed on the original cover is: 'No. XIII. Ganges & Luknow'. Captain Robert Smith was a military engineer with the East India Company and was in India from 1805 to 1833. He designed a number of buildings in India and also repaired various Indian monuments including the Kutb Minar and the Jami Masjid at Delhi.
Lucknow, situated on the banks of the Gomti River is the state capital of Uttar Pradesh, northern India. The city came to prominence under the Mughal Emperor Akbar in the 16th century. In the 18th century it developed into a flourishing centre for the arts under the patronage of Nawab Saadat Khan Burhan-ul-Mulk, a Persian courtier who founded the Oudh Dynasty. In 1775 Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula moved his capital here from Faizabad. Supported by the wealth of the royal court many fine palaces, tombs, mosques and monuments were erected such as the great Imambara and the Rumi Darwaza, two of the most famous monuments in India and the Kaisarbagh and the Chattar Manzil palaces. Lucknow is regarded as one of the finest cities in India with a rich architectural heritage.