Operations in the Sirmur Hills. f.13
Artist: Smith, Robert (1787-1873)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil drawing of military operations in the Sirmur Hills by Robert Smith (1787-1873) in 1815. This is one of 21 drawings (27 folios) of operations and scenery in Sirmur, Almora & Kumaon (Uttar Pradesh) during the Nepal War, 1815. Inscribed on the original album cover is: 'No. 7. Almorah & Kumaon.' Captain Robert Smith was a military engineer with the East India Company and was in India from 1805 to 1833. He designed a number of buildings in India and also repaired various Indian monuments including the Kutb Minar and the Jami Masjid at Delhi.
Sirmur (also known as Nathan) is a former princely state in Himachel Pradesh, India, approximately 43 miles by 50 miles in size. It is situated in the lower ranges of the Himalayas between Simla and Mussorie. The district is bounded on the north by the hill states of Balsan and Jubbal and on the east by the district of Dehra Dun from which it is separated by the rivers Tons and Jumna. The whole of Sirmur is mountainous with deep valleys lying between ranges of varying elevation, with the exception of the broad valley of the Kiarda Dun. The Gurkhas invaded Sirmur in 1814, ousted the ruler and established their own government leading the British to advance with a force to expel the Gurkhas.