Scene in the town, Jaunpur (U.P.). 7 December 1789.
Artist: Daniell, Thomas (1749-1840), and Daniell, William (1769-1837
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil, wash and water-colour drawing of a scene in the town of Jaunpur in Uttar Pradesh, by Thomas Daniell, dated 7 December 1789. Inscribed on back in ink: 'In the Town, Jaunpore.'
The ancient city of Jaunpur was the capital the of Muslim sultanate that flourished under the Sharqi dynasty between 1397 and 1476. The city was sacked by Sikander Shah Lodi in the final decade of the fifteenth century and later captured in 1559 by the Mughal amperor Akbar (r. 1556-1605). The city was also the centre of a provincial style of Islamic architecture characterised by mosques with central arches or 'pishtaqs' surrounded by heavy masonry frames rising high above the roof level of the remainder of the building.