f.7 'The Kushoo Nut.'
Artist: Cussans, Thomas (1796-1870)
Medium: Watercolour with pen and ink
Water-colour painting of a cashew nut by Thomas Cussans (1796-1870). Cussans served in the Madras artillery in 1814, then the Horse Brigade from 1817 to 1829. This is one of 19 drawings (22 folios) of scenes in Mumbai (Bombay) and the south of India together with a few miscellaneous sketches taken between 1817 and c.1822. Inscribed on the cover of the album is: 'Thos Cussans Lt. Madras Artillery. Janry 1817'; and on the title page: 'Thos Cussans, July 30th, 1817'.
The cashew nut tree was introduced into India from South America by the Portuguese in the 1500's where they came to be grown mainly for producing wine and brandy. The tree is of medium size and has bright, green, shiny, rounded leaves; the nut grows on a fleshy fruit called a cashew apple and hangs down below this. Today India dominates the world market in cashew production and processing.