Panorama of Delhi
Water-colour panorama of Delhi by an unknown artist in 1895. Inscribed on the front is: 'C.H.B. 95.'
The city of Delhi stands at an altitude of 219 metres (709 feet) at the western end of the Gangetic Plain, bordered on the eastern side by the state of Uttar Pradesh, and on the other three sides by the state of Haryana. Delhi was the capital of Muslim India between the mid-seventeenth and late nineteenth centuries as well being the site of various sultanate capital fortified cities during the medieval period including Tughluqabad, Siri and Firozabad. One of the principal sites of the city is the Red Fort or Lal Qila which was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1638 and 1648. The building derives its name from the use of red sandstone as the main building material. He also laid out the city Shahjahanabad, today known as Old Delhi, which contains the Jami Masjid, built between 1644 and 1658, one of the largest mosques in India. It stands on a natural outcrop of rock, dominating the city, and took 5,000 workmen six years to build.