Elevation of a proposed mausoleum for Lord Cornwallis in Ghazipur
Draughtsman: Fraser, Thomas (1776-1823)
Medium: Pen and ink on paper
Pen-and-ink and wash design of a proposed mausoleum for Lord Cornwallis by Thomas Fraser (1776-1823), c.1805. Inscribed on the front in ink is: 'No. 1. Ts. Fraser. Supg Engr.'; on the back in ink: 'No. 1. Elevation of a cenotaph proposed to be erected to the Memory of the Most Honble Charles Marquis Cornwallis, late Governor General of India, etc. etc. etc. T. Fraser.'
Charles Cornwallis (1738-1805) enjoyed an illustrious military and political career. Notably, he served during the American Revolution with the rank of Major General. From 1786 until 1793 he acted as Governor-General and Commander in Chief in India and is credited with laying the administrative foundation of British rule in India. He also personally led campaigns in the Third Mysore War for which he was created Marquis Cornwallis in 1792. Appointed to the Cabinet in 1795, Cornwallis subsequently served as Viceroy of Ireland in 1798, before returning to India as Governor-General at the age of 67. He died shortly afterwards from a fever at Ghazipur in Uttar Pradesh on 5 October 1805. The monument, which is similar to the famous mausoleum at Castle Howard in Yorkshire designed by Nicholas Hawksmoor, was erected near to the River Ganges.