The cavern on Savandrug (Mysore)
Artist: MacKenzie, Colin (1754-1821)
Medium: Pen and ink on paper
Pen-and-ink and water-colour drawing of the cavern on Savandurga in Karnataka by Colin MacKenzie (1754-1821) in 1791. Inscribed on the front in ink is: 'View of the Cavern on Saverndroog, 1791.'
Savandurga is made up of two granite cliffs, around 4000 feet tall and 13 kilometres (8 miles) in circumference. A hill fort on the top of the outcrop was erected in 1543 by Samanta Raya. It then came to Immadi Kempe Gowda of Bangalore until 1728 when it was captured by the Raja of Mysore from whom it passed to Haider Ali. In 1791 Savandurga was taken by British forces under Cornwallis during the Mysore Wars.