View of Gurramkonda.
Water-colour sketch of the fort at Gurramkonda in Andhra Pradesh by an unknown artist between 1790 and 1810. Inscribed on the front in ink is: 'View of the Hill Fort or Droog of Gurrumconda.'
The fort, reputedly built by the Golconda Sultans, stands on a hill 500 feet high with three almost perpendicular sides. Fortifications guard every assailable part of the hill while a long wall, curving and winding through the rocks, connects the upper with the lower fort. According to local legend, Gurramkonda (‘gurram’, horse and ‘konda’, hill) was so-named because a horse was believed to be the guardian of the fort, rendering the place impregnable so long as the horse remained there. The story goes that a Mahratta chief eventually succeeded in scaling the precipice and in carrying off the horse and, although the thief was captured before reaching the base of the hill, the spell was broken and the fort, when next attacked, fell.