Temple at Aland. 1797
Artist: MacKenzie, Colin (1754-1821)
Water-colour drawing by Colin MacKenzie, of a temple at Aland, dated 1797. Inscribed on front in ink: 'Temple at Allund. 1797.'
Colin Mackenzie (1754-1821) was the first Surveyor General of India. Originally from Scotland, he came to India in 1782 as a member of the Madras Engineers. He took part in numerous map surveys, mainly in Southern India, before he was appointed to the post of Surveyor General in 1815. During his surveys in South India he collected and recorded innumerable details concerning every aspect of South Indian history, architecture, language, life and religion, resulting in possibly as many as 2,000 drawings and over 8,000 copies of inscriptions. This drawing depicts a temple in Karnataka, a region which has innumerable temples which were built by the various dynasties of the Chalukya, Ganga, Rashtrakuta, Kalyani Chalukya, Hoysala and Vijayanagara that ruled the region.