View from Anchittidrug (Mysore). 1791
Artist: Caldwell, James Lillyman (1770-1863)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil, pen-and-ink and wash drawing of the view from Anchittidrug by James Lillyman Caldwell (1770-1863) in 1791. Inscribed on the front in ink is: 'Sketch View of the Country from the top of Anchitty Droog about 13 Miles nearly S of Assoor. 1791. J.L.C.'; in pencil: 'Geology.' James Lillyman Caldwell (q.v.) served with the engineers from 1788.
This drawing was made during the third Anglo-Mysore war (1790-92), one of the most crucial battles fought by the British in their campaign to become the major power in India. In the first and second Anglo-Mysore wars, Haidar Ali (c.1722 - 1782) and his son Tipu Sultan (1753 -1799) had fended off the British, but neither side could claim absolute success. Haidar died in the second Anglo-Mysore war. In the third war, helped by strategic alliances with other Indian rulers, the British defeated Tipu who was forced to sue for peace in the Treaty of Srirangapatna. In July 1791, Anchittidrug was surrendered to the British under Lord Cornwallis, the Governor General in India and was maintained as a post of communication until the conclusion of the war. The fort is situated at Anchetti in Tamil Nadu 35 miles from Bangalore.