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Two drawings of rock cut carvings at the Lomas Rishi Cave, Barabar, Gaya (Bihar). One shows the cave's entrance and the other shows a relief of three men in a boat.

Two drawings of rock cut carvings at the Lomas Rishi Cave, Barabar, Gaya (Bihar). One shows the cave's entrance and the other shows a relief  of three men in a boat.

Artist: Anonymous

Medium: Pen and ink on paper

Date: 1814

Shelfmark: WD760

Item number: 760

Length: 27.5

Width: 43.5

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Drawing

Pen-and-ink drawing of the entrance to the Lomas Rishi Cave in the Barabar Hills near Gaya in Bihar and details of carving of a boat. Inscribed on front in ink: 'Sculpture at Buddha Gya. Entrance of the cave at Buddha Gya.'

The Barabar Hills are home to a group of cave temples which date to the Maurya period or the third century BC. They represent some of the earliest examples of rock-cut architecture in India and were used by Jain monks as a retreat. The lower drawing depicts the entrance to the Lomas Rishi cave which has a very elaborate doorway imitating the elevation of a hut with sloping timber supports, curved eaves and a pot finial. The curved architrave is sculpted with a frieze of elephants proceeding towards stupas. The interior of the cave consists of an oval chamber with a dome roof entered through a rectangular vaulted hall. The top drawing reproduces a sculpture of three men in a boat.

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