Ruins of the Fort, Tughlakabad [Tughluqabad] (Punjab). July 1813. Signed 'J.S.'
Medium: Pen and ink on paper
Pen-and-ink drawing of the ruins of the Fort at Tughlakabad (Delhi) by an unknown artist in July 1813. Inscribed on the front in ink is: 'Part of Toogluckabad'; on the back in ink: 'Ruins of fort at Tughluckabad and Mahomidabad. July 1813. J.S.'
Tughluqabad is one of the old cities of Delhi and consists of the massive ruins of a palace, citadel and fort complex, built between 1321 and 1325, by Ghiyath-u'd-din Tughluq, the founder of the dynasty. The immense sloping walls of the fort are crowned by battlemented parapets and pierced by as many as 52 gateways, further strengthend by circular bastions, in two storeys in some places. They are an impressive monument to the militarism of the Tughluqs. The shape of the fort is irregular as it was built on a rocky outcrop. The interior is divided into two parts, the city area and the palace segment which contained the royal residences, the ladies quarters and the halls of audience.