Ruins, Tughlakabad [Tughluqabad] (Punjab)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pen-and-ink drawing of ruins at Tughlakabad (Delhi) by an unknown artist between 1780 and 1820. Inscribed on the front in ink is: 'Part of Toogluckabad'; on the back in ink: 'Bastion of the Citadel of the Emperor Tugluk.'
Tughluqabad is one of the old cities of Delhi and consists of the massive ruins of a palace, citadel and fort complex, built between 1321 and 1325, by Ghiyath-u'd-din Tughluq, the founder of the dynasty. The immense sloping walls of the fort are crowned by battlemented parapets and pierced by as many as 52 gateways, further strengthend by circular bastions, in two storeys in some places. They are an impressive monument to the militarism of the Tughluqs. The shape of the fort is irregular as it was built on a rocky outcrop. The interior is divided into two parts, first the city area and secondly the palace segment which contained the royal residences, the ladies quarters and the halls of audience.