Mosque, Seringapatam (Mysore). July 1799
Medium: Pen and ink on paper
Pen-and-ink drawing of a mosque at Seringapatam (Srirangapatnam), by an unknown artist, July 1799. Inscribed on the front in ink is: 'Mosque at Seringapatam. July 1799.'
Srirangapatnam is an island set into the River Kaveri in the modern-day state of Karnataka in south-west India. The Vijayanagar rulers built a fort here in 1454. In 1616 it became the capital of the Mysore Wadayar Rajas. Later it was the capital of the renowned Rajas of Mysore, Haidar Ali (c. 1722-1782) and Tipu Sultan (1753-1799). Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan were responsible for turning the small state of Mysore into a major Muslim power. The heavily fortified island boasts attractive formal gardens and many interesting buildings such as the Jami Masjid, or congregational mosque, and the tomb of Haider and Tipu which suitably reflect the wealth and power of the Rajas.