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Sculpture around the entrance of the Lomas Rishi Cave (recto) and a carving of three men in a boat (verso), Barabar Hills, Bodhgaya (Bihar)

Sculpture around the entrance of the Lomas Rishi Cave (recto) and a carving of three men in a boat (verso), Barabar Hills, Bodhgaya (Bihar)

Artist: Anonymous

Medium: Pen and ink on paper

Date: 1814

Shelfmark: WD822

Item number: 822

Length: 8.9

Width: 14.6

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Drawing

Pen and ink drawing of the sculpture around the entrance of the Lomas Rishi cave in the Barabar Hills. Inscribed on back in ink: 'Sculpture at Bood Ghyah.'

The Barabar Hills are home to a group of cave temples which date to the Maurya period or the third century BC. They represent some of the earliest examples of rock-cut architecture in India and were used by Jain monks as a retreat. This drawing depicts the entrance to the Lomas Rishi cave which has a very elaborate doorway imitating the elevation of a hut with sloping timber supports, curved eaves and a pot finial. The curved architrave is sculpted with a frieze of elephants proceeding towards stupas. The interior of the cave consists of an oval chamber with a dome roof entered through a rectangular vaulted hall.

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