Plan of Colonel MacKenzie's Garden House, Madras, showing ground floor and upper story
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil plan of Colonel MacKenzie's Garden House at Chennai (Madras), showing the ground floor and upper story by an anonymous draughtsman in 1817. Inscribed on the front in ink is: 'Plan of Col. Mackenzie's Garden House at Madras 1817. Upper Story. Lower or Ground Story.'
Chennai lies on the Bay of Bengal in the north-east corner of Tamil Nadu. It was founded in 1639 when Francis Day of the East India Company acquired land for a warehouse or ‘factory’ which was completed on 23 April 1640. This was the first important English settlement in India and remained the centre of English influence in the East until the rise of Calcutta in the late 18th century. The city was one of India’s major ports and mercantile centres, based around the harbour and George Town, its commercial heart. It has a rich architectural legacy of colonial buildings dating from the 18th and 19th centuries.