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Two sculptures of Shiva as manifested in popular poems of Madurai.

Two sculptures of Shiva as manifested in popular poems of Madurai.

Artist: Anonymous

Medium: Pen and ink on paper

Date: 1801

Shelfmark: WD1063

Item number: f.7

Length: 37.1

Width: 24.8

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Drawing

Pen and ink drawing of two sculptures of Shiva from the Minakshi Sundareshvara Temple, Madurai, from an 'Album of 51 drawings (57 folios) of buildings, sculpture and paintings in the temple and choultry of Tirumala Nayyak at Madura. c.1801-05', by an anonymous artist working in the South India/Madurai style, c. 1801-1805. The drawing is inscribed: "Two different representations of the Manifestations of Shiven on Earth as particularly described in the popular poems of Madura known by the name of Sixty Four Sacred Diversions of that God.”

The Minakshi Sundareshvara Temple complex contains two main shrines; one dedicated to Shiva and one to his consort Minakshi, an ancient local divinity. Each shrine is set within its own walled complex containing several subsidiary shrines, mandapams (assembly halls) and artificial pools. The construction of this temple-town was made possible by the wealth and power of Tirumala Nayak (1623-1659). He was the most prolific builder of a long line of Nayaka kings, a dynasty who ruled a large portion of Tamil country in the 16th and 17th centuries. This drawing is a detail from one of the elaborately carved columns in the temple complex. There are figures of Shiva in his various manifestations, yalis (fantastic lion-like beasts) and other foliate decoration carved throughout the complex.

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