Ground Plan of the Circular Temple at Bellagoola’.Plan of the round granite Bhaktavatsala Shrine near the temple of Janardana, at Belagola, Srirangapatna Taluk, Mandya District
Medium: Pen and ink on paper
Pen-and-ink and water-colour plan of the round granite Bhaktavatsala Shrine near the temple of Janardana, at Shravana Belgola, in Karnataka. This drawing is taken from an album of 156 drawings (185 folios) chiefly of architecture and sculpture in S. India, dated 1803-08. Some drawings are by MacKenzie himself, others by his assistant surveyors and draftsmen, including H. Hamilton and J. Newman.Sravana Belagola, situated 70 km north of Mysore in Karnataka, is one of the most famous Jain pilgrimage places in southern India. The village lies between two temple-studded hills, Vindhyagiri to the south and the smaller Chandragiri to the north and is dominated by the huge monolothic image of Gommateshvara which represents Bahubali, the son of the first Tirthankara who renounced the world and obtained enlightenment after defeating his brother Bharata in battle. The erection of the monolith in 981 was patronised by Chamundaraya, a general of the Western Ganga dynasty. The site was established in the 9th-10th century and continued to be developed under the Hoysalas and after during the Vijayanagara and Wadiyar periods.