Two views of the Gomatesvara statue at Sravana Belagola. ‘Gigantic Statue of Gomut Iswar at Billaculloo.’ Published as an engraving in AR (9) 1809, opposite p.262
Medium: Watercolour with pen and ink
Water-colour drawing with pen and ink of two views of the Jain Gomateshvara statue at Sravana Belagola in Karnataka. This drawing is taken from an album containing 56 sheets of drawings (60 folios) mainly of miscellaneous architecture and sculpture in the Deccan and S. India, dated 1793-1806. Some drawings are by MacKenzie himself, others by his draftsmen, including C. Ignatio. The drawing was engraved for C. MacKenzie, 'Account of the Jains', 'Asiatic Researches,' ix, 1807, opposite p. 262.
Shravana Belgola is one of the most famous Jain pilgrimage places in southern India. The site is dominated by the huge monolothic image of Gommateshvara which represents Bahubali, the son of the first Tirthankara who renounced the world and obtained enlightenment after defeating his brother Bharata in battle. It is the largest free-standing sculpture in India, 58 feet high; the saint is represented naked and immobile, his glance fixed ahead. The erection of the monolith in 981 was patronised by Chamundaraya, a general of the Western Ganga dynasty. It stands on the Vindhyagiri hill that rises 143 metres above the plain south of the village. The site was established in the 9th-10th century and continued to be developed under the Hoysalas and ater during the Vijayanagara and Wadiyar periods.