Semachullam (?). 3 July 1815
Medium: Pen and ink on paper
Pen and ink drawing of a carved column from the temple at Semachullam, by J. Newman, part of the MacKenzie Collection and from an album of 37 drawings (43 folios) of sculpture at Jajpur, Puri, Bezwada and Sitanagar, made during a journey from Bengal through Orissa to the Coromandel Coast, dated 3 July 1815.
Colin MacKenzie (1754-1821) joined the East India Company as an engineer at the age of 28 and spent the majority of his career in India. He used the salary he earned from his military career as a captain, major and finally a colonel to finance his research into the history and religion of Indian and Javan culture. During his surveys in South India he collected and recorded details concerning every aspect of South Indian history, architecture, language, life and religion, resulting in thousands of drawings and copies of inscriptions. This drawing depicts a temple column with a female figure carved on its shaft.