Watercolour of the Buland Darwaza of the Jami' Masjid, Fatehpur Sikri, near Agra in Uttar Pradesh, Sarah E. Amherst, 1829, from a sketch made in 1827. Inscribed on the back in ink: 'The Emperor Akbar's Gateway at Futtehpore Sicri, 22 miles from Agra. From a Sketch taken in 1827. Sarah E. Amherst, 1829.' The Jami Masjid is the largest mosque in India
with its courtyard measuring 300 ft. It stands on a natural outcrop of rock which dominates the city and took 5,000 workmen six years to build. It functions as a congregational, Friday (Jami) mosque. The mosque is on the western edge of the courtyard and steep flights of stairs lead to the three huge gateways on the other sides (one seen in this view). The façade screen of the mosque is faced in red sandstone with extensive white marble trim. It contains eleven arches, the central one being an extremely large iwan. A tall minaret stands at each end of the screen. Three bulbous white domes cover the mosque, each decorated with thin vertical black stripes. A water tank at the center of the courtyard allows members of the congregation to wash before prayers.