N. view of the walled city of Vizagapatam
Artist: Trapaud, Elisha (1750-1828)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil and wash drawing of the walled city of Vizagapatam by Elisha Trapaud(1750-1828) c.1806. Inscribed on the front in pencil is: 'North View of Vizagapatam'. This seems to be a preliminary sketch for the aquatint of the same subject published in London 1788 making Archer's dating of this item doubtfull.
Visakhapatnam, located on the east coast of India in Andhra Pradesh commands a spectacular position between the Eastern Ghats and the sea. Built around a fine natural harbour it was originally a small fishing village in the Kalinga Empire. Visakhapatnam was subjected to the rule of several different dynasties from the Andhra Kings of Vengi to the Pallavas, Cholas and Gangas until, in the 15th century, it became a part of the Vijaya Nagar Empire. A British factory was established here in 1683 which was taken by French 1757 and recaptured the following year. Each of the three rocky hills that surround the town are of significance to different religions, on the Venkateswa Konda is the Hindu Venkateswara Temple, the Darga Konda boasts a Muslim mausoleum and the highest, Ross Hill has a Roman Catholic church.