View of the Fort of Trichinopoly; a ghat, with figures bathing, in the foreground. Squared drawing for the aquatint published July 1798
Artist: Daniell, Thomas (1749-1840)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil drawing of the Fort of Trichinopoly, by Thomas and William Daniell, dated 10 June 1792. Originally inscribed on the mount in ink and pencil: 'View of the Fort of Trichinopoly.' This is the original drawing for 'Oriental Scenery,' part 2, plate 21.
Thomas Daniell (1749-1840) and his nephew William (1769-1837) travelled throughout India from 1786 to 1794 drawing and painting the landscape views and monuments along the way. The Daniells are renowned for a collection of aquatints of views of India in six parts called 'Oriental Scenery' that was published between 1795 and 1810. The site of Tiruchchirapalli has been an important Hindu centre since Chola times due to its topographic position as the area is dominated by a huge granite rock which is highly defensible. In June 1792, William Daniell wrote in his Journal: "The fort of Tritchinopoly belongs to the nabob of the Carnatic, but is garrisoned by the English. Its walls are nearly four miles in extent, and surrounded by a broad and deep ditch. There are several tanks here of excellent water; the one seen in this view is principally used by the Hindoos for ablution, where persons of all ages and different sexes assemble together to perform that religious ceremony." This drawing depicts a a ghat, with figures bathing in the foreground and the fort atop the hill in the background.