Landscape showing the church, Poona. 1849 or 1850
Artist: Ainslie, Henry Francis (c.1805-1879)
Landscape in water-colour showing the church at Poona (Pune) by Henry Francis Ainslie (c.1805-1879) in 1849 or 1850. Inscribed on the front of the mount in red ink is: 'Church at Poona, Deccan, India.'
Pune is situated near to the Western Ghats in Maharashtra at the confluence of the Mutha and Mula rivers. It occupies a strategic place on the trade routes between the Deccan and the Arabian Sea and prospered during the early Hindu period. Under its 16th century Maratha rulers, Pune became the military headquarters and capital of a sovereign state. They were deposed by the Brahmin Peshwa family, who dominated Pune during the 18th century, until the arrival of the British when it was used as the headquarters of the Government of Bombay and a major military cantonment.