Plan of Sehwan (Sind)
Artist: Ainslie, Henry Francis (c.1805-1879)
Water-colour plan of Sehwan (Sind) by Henry Francis Ainslie (c.1805-1879) in 1852. Inscribed on the front in ink is: 'Old Fort of Sehwan, Sindh, with the town and tomb of Lall-Shah Baz.'
Sehwan, formerly known as Siwistan is thought to be one of the oldest continuously occupied towns in Sind. It is situated in a strategically important position at the head of the Lakhi Pass a traditional route for all invaders to the region. The town is said to have associations with Alexander the Great who occupied the nearby fort known locally as ‘Kafir Qila’. In the 4th century the town was the capital of the Buddhist ascetic brother of Chandagupta II and was conquered in the 8th century by Mhd bin Qasim.
Sehwan is also associated with Lal Shabaz, a Sufi saint who died here in 1274 and had many miracles attributed to him. The wandering Sufi saints gave up everything worldy to devote themselves to the religious life; his tomb is considered one of the holiest sites in Sind.