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Ramparts of Fort St. George, Madras, overlooking the beach and sea. November 1792

Ramparts of Fort St. George, Madras, overlooking the beach and sea. November 1792

Artist: Daniell, Thomas (1749-1840), and Daniell, William (1769-1837

Medium: Pencil on paper

Date: 1792

Shelfmark: WD2200

Item number: 2200

Length: 31.3

Width: 53.8

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Drawing

Drawing of the Ramparts of Fort St. George, Chennai (Madras), overlooking the beach and sea by Thomas Daniell in 1792. Inscribed on the back in ink: 'Part of Madras.' Fort St George in Chennai was the name of Britain’s first bastion in India, the nucleus from which an empire grew. The first factory within the fortified enclosure was completed on St George’s Day, 23 April 1640, and named St George. This was the East India Company’s principal settlement until 1774, when Calcutta was declared to be the seat of the government. The sloping ramparts with battlements for gun emplacement form an irregular pentagon, reinforced by earthen walls which lead to a moat surrounding the complex. The buildings included within this complex are the Neo-Classical Secretariat, ST Mary;s Church (the oldest Anglican church in Asia built 1678-1680), the Parage Ground, the Fort Museum built in 1780s and the Cornwallis Cupola.

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