Illustration of a door and window from Cave I and IV at Ajanta in Maharashtra, from James Burgess' 'Original Drawings from the Buddhist Rock Temples at Ajanta.' The Buddhist cave temples of Ajanta were excavated into a horse-shoe shaped cliff overlooking the Waghora River in the 2nd ? 1st century BC and later in the 5th century AD, a period of time which coincides with the Hinayana and Mahayana phases of Buddhist art. Cave I is a very fine monastery from the late 5th century. The verandah has cells and porches at the ends and three doorways leading into the hall. Cave IV dates from a later phase of excavations from the late 5th Century and is the largest monastery at Ajanta. It consists of a columned verandah with two cells at either end of the verandah. The hall is entered through three doorways, the central one is decorated with divine figures, guardians, couples and Buddhas. Illustrated here is the left door from Cave I and the right window from Cave IV.