Details from Cave II and VI at Ajanta from James Burgess' 'Original Drawings from the Buddhist Rock Temples at Ajanta.' The Buddhist cave temples of Ajanta were excavated into a horse-shoe shaped cliff overlooking the Waghora River in the 2nd ? 1st century BC and later in the 5th century AD, a period of time which coincides with the Hinayana and Mahayana phases of Buddhist art. Cave II is a monastery from the late 5th century which has preserved some remarkable paintings. Illustrated here is a pillar from the verandah which is supported by pillars with fluted shafts ornamented with floral bands. The other illustration is from a frieze in front and over the left chapel on the upper floor of Cave VI. Cave VI is a monastery from the late 5th century which was excavated on two levels. The verandah has fallen away. The lower hall has sixteen octagonal columns arranged in four rows. A flight of steps leads to the upper level where there are Buddha figures in the verandah shrines. "Outside, on the left, is a proecting jamb, on the top of which there still remains part of a figure of a Naga Raja. Somewhat lower, and outside the jamb, is a curly-headed figure holding up his left hand, which appears to jave clasped the staff of a flag; above him again is another smaller figure."