Illustration of doors from Cave VI and VII at Ajanta from James Burgess' 'Original Drawings from the Buddhist Rock Temples at Ajanta.' The Buddhist cave temples of Ajanta were excavated into a horse-shoe shaped cliff overlooking the Waghora River in the 2nd ? 1st century BC and later in the 5th century AD, a period of time which coincides with the Hinayana and Mahayana phases of Buddhist art. Cave VI is a monastery from the late 5th century which was excavated on two levels. The verandah has fallen away. The lower hall has sixteen octagonal columns arranged in four rows. A flight of steps leads to the upper level where there are Buddha figures in the verandah shrines. Cave VII is a monastery from the late 5th century which consists of two small porticos with octagonal columns with fluted cushion capitals. The overhanging eave is decorated with carvings of horseshoe-shaped windows. There are small cells at the ends and the shrine in the middle of the rear wall has a standing and a seated Buddha.