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Ajanta: Caves XIII and XIV

Ajanta: Caves XIII and XIV

Surveyor: Burgess, James (1832-1916)

Medium: Pen and ink on paper

Date: 1878

Shelfmark: WD2214

Item number: f.4

Genre: Drawing

Plans of Cave XIII and XIV at Ajanta, from James Burgess' 'Original Drawings from the Buddhist Rock Temples at Ajanta.' The thirty magnificent cave temples of Ajanta are situated in a horse-shoe valley of the Waghora River in West India and consist of prayer halls (chaityas) and monasteries (viharas) built for the Buddhist community who lived there. The caves were in use for about eight centuries and can be divided into two groups according to the early Hinayana and later Mahayana phases of Buddhist art. The first group was excavated between the 2nd - 1st century BC, the second is dated to around 5th century AD in the Vakataka period. Cave XIII is one of the earliest excavated caves and dates from the 2nd century BC. The facade has collapsed exposing the square hall without any columns. Cave XIV was executed and left unfinished in the 5th century. The verandah has some plain and some ridged rectangular columns with horizontal bands on the shafts. The doorway is decorated with attendants and maidens and leads to the partly-excavated hall.

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