Illustration of pillars of the Buddhist caves, Cave XIX and Cave VI at Ajanta from James Burgess' 'Original Drawings from the Buddhist Rock Temples at Ajanta.' The Buddhist cave temples of Ajanta were excavated into a horse-shoe shaped cliff overlooking the Waghora River in the 2nd ? 1st Century BC. Cave XIX is an elaborate rock-cut chaitya hall from the late 5th Century. The external facade has a large horseshoe-arched window flanked by figures of yakshas and Buddhas carved in relief, above a columned portico. The outer walls are decorated with carved figures of seated and standing Buddhas, and columns embellished with scrollwork, foliation and jewelled bands. The side chapels on either side of the facade have columns with carved pot and foliage capitals. Cave VI is a vihara or monastery from the late 5th century which was excavated on two levels. The verandah has fallen away. The lower hall has sixteen octagonal columns arranged in four rows. A flight of steps leads to the upper level where there are Buddha figures in the verandah shrines.