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Ajanta: Caves XIX and XX cross sections

Ajanta: Caves XIX and XX cross sections

Surveyor: Burgess, James (1832-1916)

Medium: Pen and ink on paper

Date: 1878

Shelfmark: WD2214

Item number: f.51

Genre: Drawing

Illustration of door from Cave XIX and XX at Ajanta from James Burgess' 'Original Drawings from the Buddhist Rock Temples at Ajanta.' The Buddhist cave temples of Ajanta were excavated into a horse-shoe shaped cliff overlooking the Waghora River in the 2nd ? 1st Century BC. Cave XIX is an elaborate rock-cut chaitya hall from the late 5th Century. The external facade has a large horseshoe-arched window flanked by figures of yakshas and Buddhas carved in relief, above a columned portico. The outer walls are decorated with carved figures of seated and standing Buddhas, and columns embellished with scrollwork, foliation and jewelled bands. The side chapels on either side of the facade have columns with carved pot and foliage capitals. Cave XX is a small monastery from the late fifth century. The verandah columns have brackets finely carved with female figures. The interior hall has no columns. Inscribed: 'Cross section and plan of front door Cave No. 19 (left), Cross section and plan of front door Cave No. 20 (centre), Cross section and plan of shrine door Cave No. 20 (right).'

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