Plan of Cave II at Ellora from James Burgess' 'Original Drawings [from the] Report on the Elura Caves.' The spectacular site of Ellora, in Maharashtra, is famous for its series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky façade of a cliff of basalt. The works were done under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the 6th and the 9th centuries. Cave II, a Buddhist cave dating from the 7th century, is situated at the southern end of Ellora. Cave II functioned as a chaitya (chapel) and vihara (monastery). Flanked on either side of the main entrance are two dwarapalas (guardians). The cave's interior includes a central hall and several small cells measuring 14.5 square metres. The twelve pillars with partly fluted shafts and cushion capitals support the roof of the central hall. Key sculptures at Cave II include Tara and the Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara. Inscribed: 'Bauddha Cave at Elura'