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Ellora: Sarasvati from Cave VI (left) and Padmapani from cave IV (right)

Ellora: Sarasvati from Cave VI (left) and Padmapani from cave IV (right)

Surveyor: Burgess, James (1832-1916)

Medium: Pen and ink on paper

Date: 1877

Shelfmark: WD 2215

Item number: f.8

Genre: Drawing

Illustrations of sculptures from Ellora from James Burgess' 'Original Drawings [from the] Report on the Elura Caves.' The spectacular site of Ellora, in Maharashtra, is famous for its series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky fa├žade of a cliff of basalt. The works were done under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the 6th and the 9th centuries. Though the image on the left is inscribed 'Elura in Cave No. 8 Mahawada Group' this illustration is of Sarasvati from Cave VI. ?The right hand of the central female figure is broken, but the attendant peacock and the pandit reading at her right, seem sufficient to point her out as Sarasvati, who with the Hindus is the goddess of learning and eloquence, and with the Buddhists is one of the wives of Manjursi, and is perhaps the same as Lochani.? Illustration on right is of Padmapani, from the end of back aisle of Cave IV. ?The illustration of Padmapani or Avalokitesvara seated with his feet on the lotus. He has his proper cognizances, having a small deerskin over his left shoulder, holding the rosary or mala in his right hand, and attended as usual by two female devis?one with a bottle and rosary, and the other with only a flower. Above, on each side, is a figure of Buddha, the one standing and the other seated cross-legged in the abhaya mudra or attitude of blessing.? Inscribed: 'Elura Padmapani in the end of back aisle of Cave IV.'

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