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Ellora: Panels from Rameshvara (top), Saptamatris in Rameshvara (bottom)

Ellora: Panels from Rameshvara (top), Saptamatris in Rameshvara (bottom)

Draughtsman: Raghoba, Jayrao (fl. 1875)

Medium: Pencil on paper

Date: 1877

Shelfmark: WD 2217

Item number: f.18

Genre: Drawing

Illustration of panels from Rameshvara cave, cave XXI, at Ellora from James Burgess' 'Original Drawings [of] Elura Cave Temples Brahmanical and Jaina, IIII.' The spectacular site of Ellora is famous for its series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky fa├žade of a basalt cliff. The works were done under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the 6th and the 9th centuries. The Rameshvara cave dates from the late 6th century and is part of the Hindu group. The cave is famous for its beautiful and sensuous carvings. The outer columns of the verandah have brackets adorned with female figures and on the left wall there is a carving representing the personification of the river Ganga. Other large panels adorn the cave. Illustrated at bottom are the Saptamatris. ?In the chapel in the right end of the hall of this cave is carved one of the large groups of Saptamatris found also in Ravana ka Khai and Cave XXII, in this case covering the three inner walls of the room. The vanhanas on vehicles of the different mother goddess that were carved below each are now almost entirely destroyed, but there is no difficulty in recognizing them by their positions and the symbols they have in their hands. Gangapati sits at their head, and then in order from right to left they are?(1) Chamunda, (2) Indrani or Aindri (having a vajra in her hand), (3) Varahi, (4) Lakshmi or Vaishnavi (with the sankha and charka), (5) Kaumari or Sena, (6) Mahesvari, and (7) Brahmi or Sarasvati. At the end sits Mahadeva or Siva, with Nandi below." Illustrated at top right is panel from the south side of the cave of "Chamunda represented in a ghastly skeleton form." At top left is another panel from the north side of the cave illustrating Siva dancing the Tandava.

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