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Ellora: Nilakauka Cave XXII

Ellora: Nilakauka Cave XXII

Surveyor: Burgess, James (1832-1916)

Medium: Pen and ink on paper

Date: 1877

Shelfmark: WD 2217

Item number: f.20

Genre: Drawing

Plan of Cave XXII, Nilakantha at Ellora from James Burgess' 'Original Drawings [of] Elura Cave Temples Brahmanical and Jaina, IIII.' The spectacular site of Ellora, in Maharashtra, is famous for its series of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky fa├žade of a cliff of basalt. The works were carried out under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the sixth and the ninth centuries. Cave XXII, Nilakathan, is a part of the Hindu cave temples at Ellora which dates from the 8th century. ?Close to Ramesvara, and somewhat advanced in front of it, is Cave XXII., known as Nilakantha ('blue-throated') a name of Siva. It has somewhat irregular court in front, about 42 feet each way, in the centre of which, on a high base, stands the Nandi mandapa, now somewhat ruined. The plan somewhat resembles that of Cave XVIII, but with pillars introduced into the hall and in front of the side chapels. On the south side of the court is a low chapel containing the sculpture of the Matris, with a skeleton Bhringi or Kala with two arms and outspread hair; Ganapati and the seven mothers?the last, Brahmi, with three faces and holsing a bottle; and lastly, Siva.?

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