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Ahmadabad: Mosque at Isanpur f.4

Ahmadabad: Mosque at Isanpur f.4

Surveyor: Burgess, James (1832-1916)

Medium: Pen and ink on paper

Date: 1884

Shelfmark: WD 2223

Item number: f.4

Genre: Drawing

Pen-and-ink drawing of a mosque at Isanpur near Ahmadabad, Gujarat, by an anonymous draughtsman between 1884 and 1886. This image is from the Burgess collection, an album of 49 drawings of plans, sections, elevations, sculpture and architectural details of Muhammadan monuments in Ahmadabad and the surrounding areas made between 1884 and 1886. The drawings were prepared mainly by Indian draftsmen under the supervision of James Burgess (1832-1916) of the Archaeological Survey of India.

Situated on the banks of the Sabarmati River, Ahmadabad was founded by Ahmad Shah, Sultan of Gujarat, in 1411 on the site of the village of Asaval. The dynasty ruled until 1537 when Sultan Bahadur Shah was killed by the Portuguese at Diu. Gujarat was annexed by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1572. The city is architecturally interesting as it boasts many examples of fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Gujarati provincial Islamic architecture. Isanpur, situated 10km from Ahmadabad, was built by Malik Isan or Isam Sultan a noble of Mahmud Begada’s court. It contains three monuments of architectural note; the Jethabhai step-well, Bawa Ali Mosque and the mosque and tomb of Malik Isan. The mosque has a paved courtyard enclosed on three sides by an arcaded cloister and to the fourth by the prayer sanctuary. The sanctuary is roofed by three large and a number of smaller interspersed domes; it has a monumental facade that projects out into the courtyard to form a verandah. The pillared tomb of Malik Isan is situated in the mosque's courtyard. This drawing depicts the elevation of the sanctuary facade. It shows that the central dome of the mosque has been raised to allow for the addition of an upper gallery over the central section of the sanctuary.

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