Plan of the Jami Masjid at Mandal
Draughtsman: Anandrao, Ganpat (fl. 1875)
Medium: Pen and ink on paper
Pen-and-ink plan of the Jami Masjid at Mandal, Gujarat, by Ganpat Anandrao (fl. 1875) between 1884 and 1886. This image is from the Burgess collection, an album of 49 drawings of plans, sections, elevations, sculpture and architectural details of Muhammadan monuments in Ahmadabad and the surrounding areas made between 1884 and 1886. The drawings were prepared mainly by Indian draftsmen under the supervision of James Burgess (1832-1916) of the Archaeological Survey of India.
Mandal is a town situated approximately 22 kilometres north-west of Viramgam near Ahmadabad in Gujarat. It contains some mosques of archaeological interest notably the Jami Masjid, Saiyid Masjid, Kazi Masjid and Ganjni Masjid. This plan shows the layout of the Jami Masjid or congregational mosque at Mandal. The congregational mosque is the venue for communal prayers each Friday, attended by the whole Muslim community, when the 'khutba' or sermon is given by the imam from the 'minbar' or pulpit. This example comprises a rectangular sanctuary chamber roofed by five domes of equal size with five corresponding 'mihrabs' or prayer niches in the 'qibla' or directional wall. The stepped pulpit is marked on the plan to the right hand side of the central prayer niche. There are three entrances to the sanctuary chamber in the main facade with an additional domed entrance to the north. This gives access to a galleried section at the northern end of the mosque probably provided to give women a space in which to pray in seclusion. There is no attached courtyard shown on the plan.