Waterfall at Kartary, near Ootacamund. March 1852
Artist: Bellasis, George Hutchins (1807-1862)
This water-colour of Kartary near Ootacamund (Udagamandalam) was painted by George Hutchins Bellasis (1807-1862) in March 1852. Inscribed on the front in ink is: '(22) Kartary; Waterfall (March, 52)'.
The Nilgiri Mountains ('nila' meaning blue and 'giri' meaning mountain) are situated in the south of India. They are often enveloped in a blue haze and possess a pleasant climate and spectacular scenery comprising rolling hills, waterfalls, green ferns and patches of woodland. The area has traditionally been home to the Toda people but in the 19th century East India Company officials from Madras came here to escape the heat of the Indian plains; they found the climate and scenery of the Nilgiris reminiscent of much of Europe. By the late 1850s Udagamandalam was a prosperous and expanding community, and in 1861 became the summer capital of the Government of Madras. The town developed an English character complete with Anglican churches, schools and administrative buildings, and acquired a reputation for festivities and exuberance throughout British India.