Bastion of outer rampart of fortifications on N.W. face of Seringapatam (Mysore), where Tipu Sultan had his headquarters during the attack by the British in May 1799
Water-colour painting of part of the fortress of Srirangapatnam with soldiers, by an unknown artist, dated circa 1799. Inscribed on the mount is: 'Views of Seringapatam.'
Srirangapatnam is an island set in the River Kaveri in the modern-day state of Karnataka in south west India. It is renowned as the capital of the Raja of Mysore, Haidar Ali (c. 1722-1782) and his son, Tipu Sultan (1753-1799) who were responsible for turning the small state of Mysore into a major Muslim power. Haider Ali faced opposition from the Marathas, the Nizam of Hyderabad and the British. Four successive wars were fought for the control of southern India. In 1781 Haidar was defeated and died a year later but the military campaign was continued by his son, Tipu. The final battle took place in May 1799 when the British stormed the fortress and Tipu Sultan was killed. He was interred with full military honours in the mausoleum which contained the remains of his father.