N.W. view of Seringapatam (Mysore)
Water-colour painting of (Srirangapatnam) Seringapatam in Karnataka by an anonymous artist, circa 1799. Inscribed on the mount is: 'Views of Seringapatam.'
Srirangapatnam is an island set in the River Kaveri in the modern-day state of Karnataka in the south west of India. It was renowned as the capital of the Rajas of Mysore, Haidar Ali (c. 1722-1782) and his son, Tipu Sultan (1753-1799), who were responsible for turning the small state of Mysore into a major Muslim power. Haider Ali faced opposition from the Marathas, the Nizam of Hyderabad and the British. Four wars were subsequently fought for the control of southern India. In 1781 Haidar was defeated and died a year later but the military campaign was continued by his son, Tipu. The final battle took place in May 1799 when the British stormed the fortress and Tipu Sultan was killed. The heavily fortified island boasts attractive formal gardens and many interesting buildings, including the congregational mosque and the tomb of Haider and Tipu, which suitably reflect the wealth and power of the Rajas.