Tomb of the Mughal Emperor Babar, near Kabul (Afghanistan)
Artist: Atkinson, James (1780-1852)
Water-colour sketch of the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Babur, near Kabul in Afghanistan, by James Atkinson (1780 – 1852) dated between 1839 and 1840. This is plate 24 from the album 'Sketches in Afghaunistan'. Inscribed on the mount is: 'The Tomb of the Emperor Baber.'
Babur was born in Ferghana in present-day Uzbekistan in 1483 and was descended from both Genghis Khan and Timur. In 1525 Babur invaded India and defeated the local ruler Ibrahim Lodi at the Battle of Panipat near Delhi in 1526. Babur installed himself in the Lodi citadel of Agra and declared himself Emperor of Hindustan. The Mughal dynasty founded by Babur reigned for 332 years in India. The Emperor died in Agra in 1530, however his remains were returned to his beloved Kabul in 1543.