Plan of Seringapatam (Mysore)
Medium: Watercolour with pen and ink
Pen-and-ink and water-colour plan of Seringapatam (Srirangapatnam) by an unknown artist between 1780 and 1800.
Srirangapatnam is an island set in the River Kaveri in the modern day state of Karnataka in the south west of India. The Vijayanagara rulers built a fort here in 1454 and in 1616 it became the capital of the Mysore Wadayar Rajas. Later it was the capital of the renowned Rajas of Mysore, Haidar Ali (c. 1722-1782) and Tipu Sultan (1753-1799). Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan were responsible for turning the small state of Mysore into a major Muslim power. The heavily fortified island boasts attractive formal gardens and many interesting buildings, such as the congregational mosque and the tomb of Haider and Tipu, which suitably reflect the wealth and power of the Rajas.