Nos. 8-10. Palamow Fort, Agowry Fort, Ancient Hindoo Temples at Marra in Singrowla. From a series of plans of forts and passes on the W. border of Bihar, copied from the original by Lieut Robert Smith
Artist: Smith, Robert (1787-1873), after
Medium: Watercolour with pen and ink
Pen-and-ink and water-colour plans of the forts at Agori and Palamau and of Hindu Temples at Marra after Robert Smith (1787-1873), c.1813. This is one of six plans of forts and passes on the west border of Bihar. Inscribed on the front of the folder in ink is: 'Plans of Forts & Passes on the South West Frontier of Bengal. Copied from the Original by Lieut. Robt. Smith of the Engineers.'
There are two large forts at Palamau said to have been built by the Adivasi kings of the Chero dynasty. Construction of the forts was begun by Raja Medhni Raj, the ruler of Chotanagpur, however they were completed by his son Pratap Raj while Medhni Raj was engaged with repelling invaders. The main fort has three main defences, the largest of which is named Singh Dwar or Lion Gate. The Nagpuri Gate bears two inscriptions in Sanskrit and Persian.