Panorama of the city of Lahore (Punjab) from the racecourse. December 1848
Artist: Oldfield, Henry Ambrose (1822-1871)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil drawing of Lahore city in the Punjab (modern Pakistan) by Henry Ambrose Oldfield (1822-1871) in December 1848. Inscribed on the original mount in ink is: 'The city of Lahore front the old racecourse. December 1848'; on the front in pencil: 'The nothern aspect of Lahore from the Faqueer's hut on the Race Course. The Summum Boorj of the Ranee's Palace. Runjeet Singh's Tomb. The Jumma Musjid now used as a Powder Magazine. H.A. Oldfield December 1848.'
Lahore was the capital city of the Mughal Emperor Akbar from 1584 to 1598. He built the massive Lahore Fort on the foundations of a previous fort and enclosed the city within a red brick wall boasting 12 gates. Jahangir and Shah Jahan extended the fort, built palaces and tombs, and laid out gardens. The great Badshahi Masjid and the Alamgiri gateway to the fort were built by the last of the great Mughals, Aurangzeb (1658-1707).
Ranjit Singh (1780-1839) was the famous Sikh leader who ruled the Punjab from 1799 to 1839. His tomb was commenced by his son, Kharak Singh on the spot where the Maharaja was cremated and was completed in 1848 during the reign of Dalip Singh. It is a fine example of Sikh architecture with gilded fluted domes, cupolas, kiosks and stone lanterns with an ornate balustrade on the square roof.