Temple of Devi Bhagwani, Bhatgaon (Nepal)
Artist: Oldfield, Henry Ambrose (1822-1871)
Watercolour of the Nyatapola Temple at Bhaktapur in Nepal, by Henry Ambrose Oldfield (1822-1871), dated c.1854. This image is inscribed on the back in ink': Temple of Bhagwati Bhatgaon'.
The Nyatapola temple is unusual for the region as it has five storeys and stands on a five tiered base. It was built in about 1700 in the reign of King Bhupatrindamalla (1694-1722). Bhaktapur, the 'City of Devotees' is 11 km east of Kathmandu and 10 km north-east of Patan and is the youngest of the three former city-states of the Kathmandu Valley. Bhaktapur was founded in the 9th century and rose to prominence under the Malla dynasty. It remained a valley kingdom until the late 15th century when it became a sovereign state, together with Kathmandu and Patan. All three have similar architecture and were built around Durbar Squares containing Palace and Temple complexes. The artist, Dr Oldfield, was Residency Surgeon at Kathmandu from 1850-1863. This is the original drawing for the frontispiece of Volume I of Oldfield's 'Sketches from Nipal, Historical and Descriptive...' (1880), published in two volumes by his family after his death, which described life in the court of the Maharajah Jung Bahadur and also contained descriptions of religious monuments and architecture, together with illustrations from Oldfield's own drawings.