'Palace, Lucknow. 1st Septr. 1878'
Artist: North, Marianne (1830-1890)
Medium: Oil on paper
Oil painting on paper by Marianne North of the Palace at Lucknow, dated 1st September 1878.
Marianne North visited India in 1877-79 and completed over 200 paintings whilst there. In her autobiography, 'Recollections of a happy life' of 1892, she wrote, "I tried to paint the lower storey of a palace, which seemed all baths."
Lucknow became the capital of the kingdom of Oudh, a province in eastern Central India, in 1775 under Asaf-ud-Daula and by the first half of the 19th century the court of Lucknow was one of the most refined in India. Many fine palaces and gardens were erected along the south bank of the River Gumti, influenced by classical European architecture. Palaces were planned as sequences of large courts leading to the private apartments, interspersed with gardens and tanks. This painting depicts the room of a palace with a colonnade of cusped arches and a large tank in the middle.