Udaipur from island of Jagmandir. '1st Janr. 1879'
Artist: North, Marianne (1830-1890)
Medium: Oil on paper
Oil painting depicting Udaipur from the island of Jagmandir, by Marianne North, c. 1879. Inscribed: 'Oodipore. Rajputana. India. 1st Janr. 1879'.
Initially Marianne North (1830-1890) only painted botanical specimens and travelled around the world in search of interesting subject matter. She visited India in 1877-79 and completed over 200 paintings whilst there, painting landscape views as well. Udaipur is the new capital of the Mewar State (Chittor was sacked in 1567) and was founded by Maharana Udai Singh (ruled 1567-72) of the Sisodia Rajputs. It is located on the east bank of Pichola Lake and the town is dominated by the main royal residence in Udaipur, the City Palace. This consists of an impressive series of buildings in the Rajput style, flanked by octagonal corner towers surmounted by cupolas. Inside the palace is a maze of reception halls, residential suites and internal courts. On the lake there are many palaces built on small islands that were used as summer retreats and pleasure pavilions. Construction began on Jag Mandir, one of these palaces, in 1551 and was completed under Maharana Jagat Singh I (r.1628-1652). The Gul Mahal, the earliest and largest part of Jag Mandir, is a small sandstone pavilion with three circular domed chambers, one above the other, entered through a columned hall. Two marble chhatris with sloping cornices rise above the main facade, and feature prominently in this view.