North, south, east and western torana of chaitya of Adibuddha, Sambhunath, with details of iconography
Artist: Oldfield, Henry Ambrose (1822-1871)
Wash drawing of the north, south, east and western 'torana' of the 'chaitya' of the Adi Buddha temple at Swayambhunath in Nepal, by Henry Ambrose Oldfield (1822-1871), c. 1850-1863.
Dr Oldfield, who was Residency Surgeon at Kathmandu from 1850-1863, wrote, in Volume II of his 'Sketches from Nipal, Historical and Descriptive...' (1880): "The great temple to which the name of Sambhunath is specially applied, is a very fine and perfect specimen of a Buddhist chaitya, or mound-temple...The square toran or basement of the spire, has a projecting cornice above and below; it is covered with plates of copper-gilt, and has the two eyes of Buddha, painted in crimson, white and black colours, on each of its four sides. Springing from the tops of the four sides of the toran, are four large angular slabs or escutcheons, also of copper-gilt, on each of which are five bas-reliefs of various Buddhas, Buddhisatwas, Lamas, and other eminent Buddhist saints." This image provides a detailed drawing of the images carved on the four escutcheons.