'Koorum Fort, looking West. Camp on barren plain on other side of Fort/sloping down from S. Koh and extending up to vill. Paiwar 18 miles. Paiwar Range and Seeka Ram pk. in distance, 10/12/75'
Artist: Maisey, Frederick Charles (1825-1892)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil drawing of Kurram Fort by Frederick Charles Maisey (1825-1892) dated 10th December 1875. Inscribed: 'Koorum Fort, looking West. Camp on barren plain on other side of Fort/sloping down from S. Koh and extending up to vill. Paiwar 18 miles. Paiwar Range and Seeka Ram pk. in distance, 10/12/75'.
In the 19th century the British were engaged in conflict in Afghanistan due to British fear of Russian encroachment on their Indian colony and internal divisions within Afghanistan itself. The Kurram Valley is located in the North-West Frontier Province, a mountainous region which formed an effective barrier against invasion. The valley was mainly occupied by the Turis who were not hostile towards the British, however neighbouring tribes on each side of the valley for example the Jowaki Afridis, the Zaimukhts, Mangals, Wazirs and Ghilzais, proved to be an obstacle to the vulnerable border with Afghanistan and ultimately Russia. During the Second Afghan War 1878-80 Kurram Fort was occupied by the advance guard of the British army under General Roberts on 25th November 1878. It became an important base for the advance on Peiwar Kotal, some 20 miles ahead. Field hospitals were established to cater for the wounded.